Refinancing student loans can give you some breathing room. Here’s when it makes sense

When Teresa Ruiz Decker made the last payment on her student loans in June, she brought her four-year-old daughter to the computer to click the pay button.

It was then that she discovered a solution: refinancing her debt.

By working with lender CommonBond in April 2016, she was able to reduce her interest dramatically.

“It was a relief just to see that my payments were actually making a difference,” Decker said.

While many lenders offered similar rates to refinance, CommonBond stood out because they also have a social mission. The company works to provide technology to schools in the developing world with every loan it funds.

Refinancing her student loans was a positive experience, Decker said.

“I feel really grateful that I’ve paid off my student loans now,” Decker said. “It wouldn’t have happened if I hadn’t refinanced.”

CommonBond is just one of several companies that have emerged to help students reset the terms of their loans. Outstanding student loan debt has reached a record $1.5 trillion. As various lenders compete, there are some key things to keep in mind.

Because federal loans offer debtors the ability to provide lower payments and more flexibility if they run into trouble making payments, it often does not make sense to refinance with a private lender, said Betsy Mayotte, president of The Institute of Student Loan Advisors, a provider of free advice and help with dispute resolution for student loan debtors.

“Even if the borrower is in a position where they might be able to get a lower interest rate on their federal loans by refinancing into the private program, they have sort of lost their safety net,” Mayotte said.

If you do refinance with a private lender, you should have at least a one-year emergency fund that can cover all of your bills, including your student loans.

You also want to make sure that you have a good financial history, including a solid credit score, a good debt-to-income ratio and a record of at least a couple of years of making your student loan payments on time. Otherwise, your interest rate could go up instead of down, Mayotte said.

Also be sure to do a thorough online background check on your lender, including what other debtors have said about them.

“The review process is your friend,” Mayotte said. “Keep in mind that this is debt, so there’s always going to be people who have their angry pants on.”

Red flags include a high volume of complaints or indications their customer service is poor.

Also search to see if there are significant lawsuits or Federal Trade Commission actions against them, Mayotte said.

Some of the private lenders who have emerged aim to create a unique experience to differentiate themselves.

At CommonBond, where you can refinance loans ranging from $5,000 to as much as $500,000, part of that experience includes a program for debtors who find themselves in economic hardship, according to co-founder and CEO David Klein.

That includes helping borrowers to postpone their payments for three months at a time for as long as 12 months.

SoFi, another lender, provides its borrowers with free career counselling and access to a team of financial planners, according to Bob Buch, vice president of sales and development.

The company also arranges for meetups and networking events.

For those who have decided that refinancing is right for them, it can significantly reduce their financial burden.

Douglas A. Boneparth, president and founder of Bone Fide Wealth, knows this first hand.

Boneparth, 33, first refinanced his business school loans with First Republic Bank, which offers private loans for individuals who want to change the terms of their student debts.

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Once Boneparth felt sure his family would not need to rely on the flexibility of federal loans, he moved his wife’s debt over, too.

Now their $320,000 balance has been refinanced from a 30-year payment plan at 7 percent interest to a 15-year note at 3.5 percent.

“We’ll be student-debt-free in our late 40s, as opposed to our early 60s,” Boneparth said. “You can actually see the light.”

If you are thinking of refinancing, you should make sure you will not need the forbearance or income-driven plans that federal loans offer. You also cannot participate in the Public Student Loan Forgiveness Program.

“Before you commit to refinancing your loans privately, you want to be very secure in your financial position,” Boneparth said.

For Decker, refinancing and repaying her loans has given her new financial freedom.

After she was laid off last year, she felt confident enough to start her own communications business.

Her only regret, she said, is not refinancing sooner.

“On the Money” airs Saturdays on CNBC at 5:30 a.m. ET, or check listings for air times in local markets.

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